Antidumping | Countervailing Duty | 201 (Safegaurd Action) | 301 (Violations of U.S. Trade Rights) | 332 (General Investigation) | 337 (Intellectual Property Protection) | Other
An Antidumping Duty (AD) action is an administrative proceeding brought to address sales at less than fair value of product produced in foreign countries. If antidumping is found, a deposit of provisional antidumping duties is required and the final duties will be collected upon liquidation.
A Countervailing Duty (CVD) action is an administrative proceeding brought to address sales of product produced in foreign countries as a result of improper subsidies. If countervailable subsidies are found, a deposit of countervailing duties is required and final duties will be collected upon liquidation.
201 (Safeguard Action)
A 201 Safeguard action is brought when a U.S. industry believes that it is being injured by fair, as opposed to unfair, foreign competition.
301 (Violations Of U.S. Trade Rights)
Actions brought under Section 301 are intended to address foreign unfair trade practices. Such complaints are normally within the purview of the United States Trade Representative=s office.
332 (General Investigation)
Actions brought under Section 332 are general fact-finding investigations conducted by the U.S. International Trade Commission. While Section 332 investigations do not themselves result in any sanctions, they often are precursors to investigations under other provisions which may result in some remedies.
337 (Intellectual Property Protection)
Actions brought under Section 337 address product specific acts of unfair competition related to intellectual property rights and can also be used in other circumstances not directly covered by other trade laws. These investigations are conducted by the International Trade Commission.
There are other types of trade actions which can be brought against imports. These are, for the most part, rare.